Graphene, graphene applications and uses.


Graphene, graphene applications and usesGraphene molecular

What is Graphene?

A graphene is a form of carbon atom arranged in a honey-comb shaped lattice. It is a semi-metal actually. Single layer Graphene was first explored in 1947 by P.R. Wallace. Graphene was actually created by mechanical exfoliation of graphite. It was produced unintentionally but after it was produced, the study concluded graphene having unique electro properties that could be used in many fields of engineering science and technology.

Graphene Applications

Energy storage: Scientists are working hard on enhancing the storage capacity of Lithium-ion battery by the use of Graphene. Graphene has the capability to store more charge and also has the ability to get charged faster than any other storage material. Also, a research is going on how graphene could be used to make a superconductor that could store a large amount of charge and that charges quickly. Commercial use of Graphene will revolutionize in the energy storage sector. Graphene-enhanced lithium-ion batteries could be used in much higher energy usage applications such as lithium-ion batteries are now, in different gadgets like smartphones, tablet, PCs that will be in lower levels of size and weight or the electronic vehicles. Graphene can be seen commercially within 5 to 10 years.

Composite material: As graphene is a single-layered graphite. It is flexible but strong material. Graphene can be used as a bullet proof vest which would be much reliable than any other materials. Similarly, graphene is lighter than the steel or most of the metals, hence it can be used to replace steels and other metal in the construction of aircraft for better fuel efficiency and for construction of buildings. Also due to its electrical conductivity graphene can be used to coat the aircraft as a preventative measure for lightning strikes too.

Ultrafiltration: Another important Graphene Application is that it also acts as an ultrafilter. As it allows to pass water through it removing all the impurities, minerals and salt present in the water which will be efficient and economic.

Flexible electronics: It’s a fact that graphene could be used to build flexible electronics. You can imagine yourself using a foldable smartphone or an electronics t-shirt with a multi-colored display in it. Scientists are trying to make these kinds of stuff already. Cool hah!

Similarly, graphene uses are not limited to but have more like it can be used in Biochemical engineering, as a photovoltaic cell that uses less power or in the optical electronics.  Also look at our last post: Click here to know tips for your healthy life.

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